Friday, May 18, 2012

NEW in the SEAA

The Southeastern Architectural Archive has recently acquired an early eighteenth-century French engineers' manual written by Nicolas Buchotte, a royal engineer during the reign of Louis XV (1715-74). Dedicated to the Marquis D'Asfeld (1665-1743), Knight of the Golden Fleece and Director-General of French Fortifications, Buchotte's Les Règles du dessin et du lavis established graphic standards (rules and maxims) for France's elite surveyors and engineers.

Buchotte's engraved illustrations serve as exemplars of his representational schemes and at the same time represent France's frontier-building endeavors: above, the book's sixth plate illustrates a barracks structure, including an officers' pavilion.

Recently, the Research Laboratories of Archaeology (RLA) have made available a number of similar drawings related to engineering projects in colonial Louisiana. RLA's selections are informed by the research of New Orleans architect and preservationist, Samuel Wilson, Jr. (1911-1993).

Image above: Plate 6 from BUCHOTTE, Nicolas, Ingenieur ordinaire du Roy. Les Règles du dessin et du lavis, pour les plans particuliers des Ouvrages & des Batimens, & pour leurs Coupes, Profils, Elevations & Facades, tant de l'Architecture Militaire que Civile: Comme aussi pour le Plan en entier d'une Place; pour sa Carte particuliere, & pour celles des Elections, des Provinces, & des Royaumes. Paris: Claude Jombert, 1722. Southeastern Architectural Archive, Special Collections Division, Tulane University Libraries.

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